A picture of the Great Wall of China. The Great Wall of China, in Shanhaiguan. The wall the great wall of china from history to myth pdf made of cement, rocks, bricks, and powdered dirt. The earlier sections on the wall are made of compacted dirt and stone.
There are 7,000 watch towers, block houses for soldiers and beacons to send smoke signals. Nineteen walls have been built that were called the Great Wall of China. The first was built in the 7th century BC. Not much of this wall remains as people have been stealing from it. It was much farther north than the current wall. The current wall was built during the Ming Dynasty. The land in some parts of China is easy to cross, so Qin Shi Huang started building the Great Wall to make it more difficult for the Xiongnu to invade China.
China worked more on the wall and made it longer. The Han, Sui, Northern and Jin Dynasties all repaired, rebuilt or expanded the Great Wall. Sections of the wall were built with bricks and stone instead of earth. Builders used materials that were nearby. Some parts of the wall were made of mud, straw, and twigs. Thousands of workers died from giant falling stones, exhaustion, disease, animal attacks, and starvation. The workers who died were buried in and under the Great Wall is a myth.