Part of the strategy has been to spread the school network so that pupils have a school near their homes whenever possible or, if this is not feasible, e. There are 17 universities and 27 universities of applied sciences in the country. 2008, pasi sahlberg finnish lessons pdf on data from 2006, lists Finland as 0.
Finland has been displaced from the very top. In the 2012 study, Finland ranked sixth in reading, twelfth in mathematics and fifth in science, while back in the 2003 study Finland was first in both science and reading and second in mathematics. The performance of 15-year-old boys on that reading examination was not significantly different from OECD averages and 0. 66 standard deviations behind that of girls the same age. Finland, as Christians are supposed to be able to read the Bible in their native language.
New Testament to Finnish in 1548. Official statistics are available since 1880, when literacy was 97. In mid-19th century, Finnish became an official language, and gradually replaced Swedish as the schooling language. Free school lunches became mandatory in 1948. 10, was still optional and entrance was competitive. Since it was the only way to university education and entrance was heavily affected by the status and choices of parents, it severely limited the opportunities of the less-well off. This system was phased out in 1972-1977, in favor of the modern system where grades 1-9 are mandatory.
Recently, it became formally possible to enter tertiary education with a vocational degree, although this is practically difficult as the vocational study plan does not prepare the student for the university entrance exams. In Finland, high class daycare and nursery-kindergarten are considered critical for developing the cooperation and communication skills important to prepare young children for lifelong education, as well as formal learning of reading and mathematics. This preparatory period lasts until the age of 7. Finnish early childhood education emphasizes respect for each child’s individuality and chance for each child to develop as a unique person. According to Finnish child development specialist Eeva Hujala, “Early education is the first and most critical stage of lifelong learning.
The idea is that before seven they learn best through play, so by the time they finally get to school they are keen to start learning. Daycare” includes both full-day childcare centers and municipal playgrounds with adult supervision where parents can accompany the child. Municipalities also pay mothers who wish to do so to remain at home and provide “home daycare” for the first three years. In some cases this includes occasional visits from a careworker to see that the environment is appropriate. Payment, where applicable, is scaled to family income and ranges from free to about 200 euros a month maximum.
The children learn through playing. This philosophy is put into practice in all the schools we visited, in what the teachers say, and in all that one sees. Early childhood education is not mandatory in Finland, but is used by almost everyone. Eeva Penttilä, of Helsinki’s Education Department.
It’s not a place where you dump your child when you’re working. It’s a place for your child to play and learn and make friends. Good parents put their children in daycare. There are no “gifted” programs, and the more advanced children are expected to help those who are slower to catch on. In most countries, the term “comprehensive school” is used to refer to comprehensive schools attended after primary school, and up to 12th and 13th grade in some countries, but in Finland this English term is confusingly used to include primary school, i. One can of course also describe the Finnish grades 1 to 6 in English as being comprehensive schools, but this is unnecessary and confusing because primary schools have always been comprehensive in almost all countries, including Finland. Although this division of the peruskoulu into two parts was officially discontinued, it is still very much alive — the distinction is made in everyday speech, the teachers’ training and classification and teaching, and even in most school buildings.