Scheduled castes distribution map in India by state and union territory according to 2011 Census. Scheduled Tribes distribution map in India by list of obc castes in india pdf and union territory according to 2011 Census. The combined percentage of people in scheduled castes and scheduled tribes is essentially the official percentage of people in the lowest part of Indian society.
744 tribes across 22 states in its First Schedule. A highly contested issue in the proposed reforms was the reservation of seats for representation of the Depressed Classes in provincial and central legislatures. Indian provinces greater self-rule and set up a national federal structure. The reservation of seats for the Depressed Classes was incorporated into the act, which came into force in 1937.
The Act introduced the term “Scheduled Castes”, defining the group as “such castes, races or tribes or parts of groups within castes, races or tribes, which appear to His Majesty in Council to correspond to the classes of persons formerly known as the ‘Depressed Classes’, as His Majesty in Council may prefer”. Furthermore, independent India’s quest for inclusivity was incident through the appointment of B. R Ambedkar as the chair of the drafting committee for the Constitution. Ambedkar was a Dalit constitutional lawyer, a member of the low regarded Untouchables. According to the Constitution, Scheduled Castes can only belong to the Hindu, Sikh or Buddhist religions. 2006 revealed that scheduled castes and tribes of India are not limited to the religion of Hinduism. Buddhists, one-third of the Sikhs, and one-third of the Christians in India belonged to the notified scheduled castes or tribes of the Constitution.
Such measures as are required to enforce equality, to provide punitive measures for transgressions, to eliminate established practices that perpetuate inequities, etc. A number of laws were enacted to implement the provisions in the Constitution. Despite legislation, social discrimination and atrocities against the backward castes continued to persist. Provide positive treatment in allotment of jobs and access to higher education as a means to accelerate the integration of the SCs and STs with mainstream society. Affirmative action is popularly known as reservation.
Article 16 of the Constitution states “nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provisions for the reservation of appointments or posts in favor of any backward class of citizens, which, in the opinion of the state, is not adequately represented in the services under the State”. However, the reservations from affirmative action were only allotted in the public sector, not the private. Provide resources and benefits to bridge the socioeconomic gap between the SCs and STs and other communities. Major part played by the Hidayatullah National Law University. Legislation to improve the socioeconomic situation of SCs and STs because twenty-seven percent of SC and thirty-seven percent of ST households lived below the poverty line, compared to the mere eleven percent among other households.