International journal of the sociology of language pdf


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All content from these platforms is now available on Cambridge Core. In order to find the content you are looking for, use the search box at the top right of the page to search Cambridge Core or follow the links below to our key product areas. Languages of dominant societies over the centuries have served as auxiliary languages, sometimes approaching the international level. However, as these languages are associated with the very dominance—cultural, political, and economic—that made them popular, they are often also met with resistance. The term “auxiliary” implies that it is intended to be an additional language for the people of the world, rather than to replace their native languages. Certainly they have existed since antiquity. Mediterranean area from the 11th to the 19th century.

Examples of lingua francas remain numerous, and exist on every continent. There are many other lingua francas centralized on particular regions, such as Arabic, Chinese, French, Greek, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish. 18th centuries could be regarded as proto-auxlangs, as they were intended by their creators to serve as bridges among people of different languages as well as to disambiguate and clarify thought. Volapük as its working language.

In August 1889 the third convention was held in Paris. About two hundred people from many countries attended. And, unlike in the first two conventions, people spoke only Volapük. In 1890 Schleyer himself left the original Academy and created a new Volapük Academy with the same name, from people completely loyal to him, which continues to this day. 1892, the original Academy began to make considerable changes in the grammar and vocabulary of Volapük.

1898 and the circulars of the Academy were written in the new language from that year. Idiom Neutral in favor of Peano’s Interlingua in 1908, and it elected Peano as its director. Romance, West Germanic and Slavic languages. Moreover Esperanto is quicker to learn than other languages, usually in a third up to a fifth of the time. Within a few years this language had thousands of fluent speakers, primarily in eastern Europe.

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