It was introduced in September 2012. It weighs 165 lbs without the pedestal and 306 lbs with the pedestal. It is used for simple industrial jobs such as loading, unloading, sorting, and handling of materials. Brooks industrial robot applications pdf that Baxter was designed to perform the dull tasks on a production line.
It is intended to be sold to small and medium-sized companies. Baxter has an animated screen for a face that allows Baxter to express itself through several facial expressions. Its face can show what it is focused on, and its current status. Baxter can even express its confusion when something isn’t right.
Baxter also has sensors surrounding its head that allows it to sense people nearby. Other sensors around its head give the Baxter Research Robot the ability to adapt to its environment, unlike other industrial robots which will either continue to do their one task repeatedly or will shut down and stop working at the slightest change in their environment. For example, Baxter is adaptive enough to know that it cannot continue with its job if it drops a tool, whereas some robots will simply continue to attempt to perform their job despite lacking the proper tools. Baxter can be placed on a four-legged pedestal with wheels to become mobile. Baxter also has extra sensors in its hands that allow it to pay very close attention to detail.