Before the printing press was invented, word of mouth was the primary source of news. 18th century, radio and television in the 20th century, and the Internet in the 21st century. Venetian coin of the time, history of indian journalism pdf name of which eventually came to mean “newspaper”.
However, none of these publications fully met the modern criteria for proper newspapers, as they were typically not intended for the general public and restricted to a certain range of topics. Early publications played into the development of what would today be recognized as the newspaper, which came about around 1601. Spain they were called “relaciones”. By 1400, businessmen in Italian and German cities were compiling hand written chronicles of important news events, and circulating them to their business connections.
The idea of using a printing press for this material first appeared in Germany around 1600. By 1650, 30 German cities had active gazettes. Cologne between 1594 and 1635, but it was not the model for other publications. The news circulated between newsletters through well-established channels in 17th century Europe.