This article is about the United States institution. National Academy of Engineering logo. The election process for new members is conducted annually. The NAE is autonomous in engineering economy by william sullivan pdf administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the rest of the National Academies the role of advising the federal government.
The NAE operates engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. No reference to engineering was in the original act and the first recognition of any engineering role was with the setup of the Academy’s standing committees in 1899. Academy’s 50th anniversary, outlining an expansive future agenda for the Academy. Hale proposed a vision of an Academy that interacted with the “whole range of science”, one that actively supported newly recognized disciplines, industrial sciences and the humanities.
The proposed creation of sections of medicine and engineering was protested by one member because those professions were “mainly followed for pecuniary gain”. Hale’s suggestions were not accepted. Nonetheless, in 1915, the Section of Physics and Engineering was recommended to be changed to physics only, and a year later the Academy began planning a separate section of engineering. The report, submitted to President Wilson in November 1917, concluded that claims of repeated interruptions in canal traffic for years to come were unjustified. National Academy of Sciences to organize a “National Research Council” albeit with the assistance of the Engineering Foundation. During the period of national preparations, an increasing number of engineers were being elected to the physics and engineering section of the Academy, this did not however, resolve the long-standing issue of where to place applied sciences such as engineering in the Academy. In 1863, the founding members who were prominent military and naval engineers comprised almost a fifth of the membership.
1872, was the sole remaining representative of the Corps of Engineers. With the Engineering Division in the wartime National Research Council being used as a precedent, the Academy established its first engineering section with nine members in 1919 with civil war veteran Henry Larcom Abbot as its first chairman. 164 members of the Academy that year, only seven had chosen to identify themselves as engineers. During this period of 1915-1916 activity by engineering societies, the National Academy of Sciences complained that there was a lack of scientists and the predominance of engineers on the Federal government’s wartime technical committee, the Naval Consulting Board. Union Carbide Corporation and a member of the Academy, stated that the “.